Urogynecology FAQs

Question: What Is a Pelvic Floor Disorder?
Pelvic floor disorders are conditions that affect a woman’s pelvic organs. Some examples are urinary incontinence, pelvic organ prolapse (fallen pelvic organs) and accidental bowel leakage. Although these conditions are not life-threatening, they can seriously affect quality of life. Fortunately, most pelvic floor disorders are treatable.

Question: What Is Pelvic Organ Prolapse?
Pelvic organ prolapse is a condition where the pelvic organs drop lower into the vagina, or in some cases protrude outside of the vaginal opening. Patients with prolapse often feel a bulge in the vagina, or experience pelvic pressure or heaviness when they are active or on their feet. You may have heard of this condition referred to by different terms, such as dropped bladder, dropped uterus or cystocele. Prolapse happens because of weakening of the pelvic muscles and ligaments. Although it is often associated with childbirth, prolapse can occur in women who have not had children. In addition, it sometimes tends to run in families.

Question: What Are the Types of Urinary Incontinence?
Stress incontinence refers to leakage of urine that occurs with physical activity or sudden movement, such as coughing, sneezing, exercising or lifting. Urge incontinence (a type of Overactive Bladder) is leakage that is associated with urinary frequency, urgency and difficulty holding urine. Both conditions are treatable; however, they are treated very differently. This is one reason why it is important to be evaluated and treated by a specialist.

Question: How Many Women Experience Pelvic Floor Disorders?
Pelvic floor disorders are very common. Many people (including other health care providers!) do not realize that up to 40% of women suffer from urinary incontinence, pelvic organ prolapse or accidental bowel leakage. 

Question: What Can I Expect At My First Urogynecology Appointment?
A Urogynecology physician or Advanced Practice Provider will ask you about the problems you typically experience. They may also ask about previous treatments, including any medicines you have taken or surgeries you have had for this problem. You will undergo a focused physical examination including a pelvic examination. You and your provider will then discuss treatment options and decide together on an individualized plan of care that is best for you, including a follow-up visit or specialized testing if needed.

Question: Whom Do I Contact At Urology of Indiana If I Have Questions?
Please call Urology of Indiana at 877-362-2778.